Tips



After an Accident


Statistically, at one point or another in our life, we are involved in an accident. Even the most careful drivers may be involved.

Here are a few tips that may help you.
  • Check for injures. Life and health are more important than damage to property.
  • Write down the names, address and license number of person involved in the accident.
  • Write description on other vehicles damage.
  • Call the police, even if the accident is minor.
  • Jot down names and addresses of anyone who may have witnesses the accident. This may prevent disagreement concerning haw the accident actually happened.
  • Write details about accident and circumstances.
  • Notify your insurances agent about accident immediately.
  • DON’T sign anything.

Air Bag Safety


Air bags are design to provide supplemental protection in combination with lap and shoulder belts. Air bags are lifesaving devices, but special precaution should be taken when driving in air bag-equipped vehicles. A distance of 10-12 inches between a drivers and air bag is desirable, especially for short, elderly, or pregnant drivers. Passengers should position their sets as far back as possible, tilting the seat back slightly if necessary. Short drivers may use foot pedal extenders. Children riding in the front seat can be seriously injured or killed when air bag deploys in the crash. Therefore, it is recommended that children under age 12 ride buckled in the back seat – with small children in safety seats approved for their ages and size. If a child over one year old must ride in the front side with a passenger-side air bag, he or she should be in the front-facing child safety seats, booster seats or correct fitting lap/shoulder belt with the seat back as far as possible. Rear-facing infant seats should be secured in the back seat on the vehicle.


Right-of-Way


The Secretary of the State says: right-of-way tell all drivers who go first in different situations. To yield means the driver gives the right-of-way to another drivers or pedestrian. A driver must yield:

  • When making a right turn on a red light after stop
  • After coming to a complete stop at an intersection where there is a stop sign or flashing red signal. If there is no stop line, stop before the crosswalk. If there is no crosswalk or stop line, stop at a place where all approaching traffic can be seen. Proceed only after stopping or yielding to all pedestrians and other vehicles in the intersection.
  • When making a left turn on a red light after a stop from a one-way street to another one-way street with traffic moving in the left.
  • When more than one driver reaches a four-way stop intersection. The firs drivers to stop should be to first to go. When two vehicles on different roadways arrived at four-way stop intersection at the same time, the vehicle on the left should yield on vehicle on the right.
  • When two vehicles on different roadways reach an uncontrolled intersection at the same time. The vehicle on the left should yield on vehicle on the right.
  • To oncoming traffic when making a left-hand turn. If you enter an intersection while the light, you may finish you turn even though the light turns red.
  • To through traffic when approaching a MERGE sign. You must increase or decrease speed to avoid an accident.
  • When approaching a YIELD sign. You should slow down or stop to avoid an accident.
  • Even after the light turns green when there are vehicles in the intersection.
  • When emerging from an alley, building, and private road or driveway after coming to complete stop.
  • When police or emergency vehicles are using sirens or flashing lights. The driver must pull to the right-hand edge of the roadway and stop, if necessary. Intersection must not be blocked.
  • To cross traffic when on the terminating high-way of a 1s.
  • To any authorized vehicle engaged in construction or maintenance of highway that is displaying amber (yellow) oscillating, rotating or flashing lights. Yielding the right-of-way can help prevent the accident and save lives.
  • When any funeral procession enters an intersection with its lights on. The lead vehicle of the procession must obey stop sign and traffic signals. But when the leas vehicle has cross an intersection, the following vehicles in the procession may cross cautiously without stopping. A driver who is not in the procession may overtake and pass the procession if he or she can without causing an accident or interfering with the procession. Drivers who are not part of funeral procession – except – for emergency vehicles – are not allowed to break into the line unless they are authorized to do so by a traffic officer.
  • Right-of-way is something that is given to others on the roadway. Give another driver who is not following the rules of the road the right-of-way in order to avoid an accident. You should always drive defensively.

Snow and Ice


  • Bridges and overpasses freeze first. When approaching such structures slow down. Avoid sudden changes in speed or direction.
  • Keep windows, headlights and tail-lights clear of snow and ice.
  • Keep your speed steady and slow.
  • Always use breaks cautiously. Sometime pumping in the brake pedal is more effective for slowing down than one harsh jolt to the pedal. Avoid rapid steering wheel turns.
  • If your vehicle has antilock brakes than you should apply constant, firm pressure to the pedal. During an emergency stop, push the brake all the way to the floor.
  • Stuck in snow – straighten the wheels and accelerate slowly. Spinning the tires does nothing to get you out but might “dig” you deeper. Use sand or cinders under the drive wheels.

In High Winds


  • Use extra care and consider if a trailer, van, truck, recreational vehicle or other such vehicle should even be operated.

When it Rains


  • Roads become slippery when wet as water mixed with oils, grease, leaves and dirt. Increase the distance between your vehicle and the vehicle ahead of you. Also, a vehicle’s tires tend to ride on surface water, reducing traction. This is known as hydroplaning. Avoid hydroplaning by slowing down.
  • Visibility is often impaired. In the State of Illinois, whenever you use your wipers you must turn on your lights. Adjust your climate control to keep the windows and mirrors clear.

Fog Conditions


  • Stay on the right of the roadway.
  • Turn on your headlights – day or nights – to low beam. If you have fog lights, use them.
  • If you can’t see the road’s edge, pull off on the right, when – well out of the traffic lane – and turn on the emergency flashers.

Serve Weather Condition


  • Hailstorms – seek shelter immediately by driving under an overpass or bridge. Hailstorms can do severe damage to your vehicle’s body and paint.
  • High Winds - high winds can cause many accidents because they force vehicle to shift from side to side. Use extreme caution when passing larger vehicles such as truck and vans.
  • Hurricanes – avoid lower terrain. Radio signal are often affected. Seek shelter asap.
  • Severe thunderstorms – if the rain is coming down so hard that visibility is impared than pull off on the shoulder of the road, as far as possible from the traffic. It is always much safer to let the storm than to outrun it.

Do Not


  • Drive on a sidewalk except when it is a part of a driveway.
  • Back up of any shoulder or roadway of any access highway. Backing is prohibited unless it is done safely and does not interfere with other vehicles.
  • Open doors on the side of a vehicle on which traffic is moving unless it can be done safely and without interfering with traffic. The door may remain open only long enough to load or unload passengers.
  • Wear headset while driving. Headsets are defeated as any device, other than hearing aid, that allows the wearer to hear or receive electronic communications. Motorcycle, motor-driven and moped operators may use intercom helmets that permit drivers and/or passengers to speak to one another.
  • Drive onto a railroad crossing, enter an intersection or drive within a marked crosswalk unless there is enough space to allow passage of other vehicles, pedestrian or railroad train.
  • Drive over fire houses unless permitted by the fire official in command.
  • Push a vehicle on a rural highway unless there is an emergency and it should be removed to avoid a hazard.
  • Tow one vehicle with another except by a drawbar. In most cases, the distance between the two cars should not exceed 15 feet. A towed vehicle also should be coupled to the towing vehicle with two chains or cables.
  • Remove a wrecked or damaged vehicle from the roadway without removing all glass and other debris.
  • Overload a vehicle with passengers or freight so that the driver’s view is obstructed. No more than three persons should ride in the front seat of a vehicle.
  • Ride in a house trailer while it is being moved on a street or highway.
  • Operate or permit to be operated any sound system (radio, tape player or disc player) at a volume that can be heard 75 feet or more from a vehicle being driven or on a highway.